Amana Furnace Troubleshooting Manual

Dealing with a malfunctioning furnace can be a difficult task, especially during the cold seasons of Canada. In this article, we’re looking at a detailed overview of how to troubleshoot common problems with Amana furnaces, ensuring your heating system operates efficiently and effectively all winter long.

However, before diving into troubleshooting, it’s crucial to familiarize yourself with the basic components of your Amana furnace. This includes the thermostat, gas valve, pilot light, flame sensor, pressure switches, and blower motor. Knowing these parts will help you diagnose issues more accurately.

Solutions for Common Issues with Amana Furnaces

When dealing with operational challenges in Amana furnaces, you might face several recurring problems that can affect their functionality. Here are detailed approaches to troubleshoot and resolve these issues:

  • Checking Power: Confirm that the switch specific to the furnace is switched ‘on’ and is connected to electricity. This switch typically looks like a regular household light switch.

  • Circuit Breaker: Inspect your home’s electrical panel for any tripped breakers, resetting any that have been compromised to see if this resolves the issue with your HVAC system.

  • Thermostat Troubleshooting: Make sure the thermostat is functioning correctly, set to the ‘heat’ mode, and programmed to a temperature setting above the current room temperature. If it’s battery-powered, replacing the batteries might be necessary.

  • Air Filter Maintenance: A clogged air filter can significantly impact the furnace’s efficiency. Examine and replace the bad filters if they are filled with dust.

  • Gas Valve Inspection: Ensure that the furnace’s gas valve is open, a critical step that is often overlooked for an even gas supply. The valve typically has clear ‘on’ and ‘off’ labels.

  • Vent and Duct Evaluation: Ensure that vents are not blocked by furniture or other household items and check the ductwork for any signs of leaks or obstructions, which can vary room temperatures.

  • Manual Pilot Relight: Adhere to the instructions in your furnace’s manual for relighting the pilot light and make sure that it is operating well. This generally involves setting the control knob to ‘pilot’, and igniting the gas furnace manually.

  • Electronic Ignition Check: For newer models, issues with starting often point to a malfunctioning igniter, which may require replacement.

  • Securing Loose Parts: Check for any loose screws or panels inside the furnace as they can create unnecessary noise.

  • Blower Wheel and Motor: Listen for any abnormal scraping sounds that might indicate issues with the blower motor or wheel. Ensure there are no obstructions and that all parts are secured.

  • Thermostat Calibration: Improper thermostat settings or malfunctions can lead to frequent cycling. Adjust or replace the thermostat if needed.

  • Preventing Overheating: Dirty filters or blocked air pathways can lead to overheating, causing the heating system to shut off prematurely. Ensure proper airflow to prevent this issue.

Advanced Furnace Issues & Strategies

For more intricate problems such as component failures, here are some advanced troubleshooting methods:

Testing: Use a multimeter to check for continuity in the pressure switch, which ensures proper exhaust venting.

Resolution: Address any vent blockages or condensate issues affecting the switch and replace it if it proves defective. Make sure that the furnace has an open pressure switch for a better function.

Precautions: Always disconnect power before examining the faulty wiring to avoid electrical hazards.

Inspection and Testing: Look for and address any damaged or loose wires. Check connections with a multimeter for appropriate voltage and continuity. You can also check the wiring diagram available in the manual or on Amana’s website. Correct or replace wiring as necessary.

Maintenance: Detach the flame sensor and gently clean it with a soft abrasive to remove any residue.

Evaluation and Replacement: If cleaning does not restore functionality, test the sensor for continuity with a multimeter and replace it if defective.

Symptom Analysis: A non-functional blower motor will stop air circulation, even though the furnace is heating.

Diagnostic Steps: Verify voltage at the motor terminals. If there’s voltage but the motor remains inactive, it likely needs to be replaced.

Note icon | Comfort Union

Furnace Troubleshooting Guides

Our comprehensive troubleshooting guide offers step-by-step solutions to common issues. From heating failures to airflow problems, we've got you covered."

Amana Furnace Error Codes

  1. Constant Heartbeat-like Flashing
    • Indication: This shows that the control board is receiving 24 VAC power.
    • Required Action: Typically, no intervention is needed as this suggests normal operations.
  2. Two Flashes
    • Indication: The pressure switch did not activate.
    • Required Action: Inspect for any blockages in the pressure tubing and ensure there are no clogs in the vent or exhaust pathways that could affect the pressure switch’s operation.
  3. Three Flashes
    • Indication: Failure of the pressure switch to close or it reopened.
    • Required Action: Possible causes include excessive wind, incorrect vent sizing, a malfunctioning inducer motor, or insufficient combustion air. Address these variables, check the pressure tubing for disconnections or obstructions.
  4. Four Flashes
    • Indication: A fault in the limit circuit; a limit or flame rollout switch is open.
    • Required Action: Look for obstructions in the vent, ensure the blower wheel is secured, and check the air filter and blower functionality. A reset may clear this error if no physical issues are found.
  5. Five Flashes
    • Indication: Unusual flame proving signal; this often means the flame was detected while the gas valve was closed.
    • Required Action: This could point to a leaky or stuck-open gas valve. Handling such issues might require expert assistance due to safety concerns.
  6. Six Flashes
    • Indication: Ignition failure or loss of flame sensor signal during operation.
    • Required Action: Verify the flame sensor’s grounding, check the hot surface ignitor for defects, ensure control ground continuity, and confirm adequate flame carryover and ignition stability.
  7. Seven Flashes
    • Indication: The limit circuit has been locked out.
    • Required Action: This happens when a limit or flame rollout switch remains open for more than 3 minutes. The system will reset automatically after 3 hours. Examine for potential causes like a blocked flue or issues with air circulation.
  8. Eight Flashes
    • Indication: Gas heating has locked out, and the control won’t reset automatically.
    • Required Action: Check for incorrect wiring or faults in the gas or control valves and correct or replace them as needed.
  9. Ten Flashes
    • Indication: Reversed polarity detected.
    • Required Action: Inspect the wiring for proper phase connections and make adjustments according to the installation guide.
  10. 1 + 2 Flashes
    • Indication: Blower remains active post power-up.
    • Required Action: This typically occurs if the unit powers on during a heat call or while the blower is on delay. Usually, no action is needed unless the blower continues running beyond the heat cycle.
  11. 6 + 1 Flashes
    • Indication: Ignition lockout.
    • Required Action: The system should reset automatically after 3 hours. Review ignition components for faults and replace any defective elements. Ensure proper flame sensing and gas delivery.
  12. LED Off
    • Indication: The secondary voltage fuse has tripped.
    • Required Action: Ensure the door switch is engaged and check for short circuits. Replace the fuse if necessary.
  13. LED Continuously On
    • Indication: Lockout of the control circuitry.
    • Required Action: The system will reset after one hour. Investigate for potential causes that could lead to this lockout, including electrical issues or overheating concerns.
  14. LED Solid
    • Indication: Issues with the gas valve relay stuck open or a possible slow closing valve, a faulty flame sensor circuit, or a software error.
    • Required Action: Reset the power to clear the lockout. Should the code persist, consider replacing the control board.

Consulting a Professional

While many error signals can be addressed with direct troubleshooting, some involve intricate systems or safety risks that can’t be easily achieved despite several attempts, like those associated with gas or electrical components. If unsure or when the issue involves critical parts such as the gas valve or electronic controls, seeking help from a certified HVAC professional like Comfort Union is recommended to ensure safety and proper furnace operation.

Other Furnace Troubleshooting We Offer

Share this: